Nicosia is the capital of the Republic of Cyprus and the part of Cyprus occupied by Turkey. It is also an important financial and business center of the island. In 2004 the Greek population of the city was 270 thousand people, while the population of the Northern part was 85 thousand people. In this review, we cover only the southern part of Nicosia.
Nicosia was founded in the 11-12th centuries BC as an ancient Greek polis, which had gradually lost its significance by the beginning of the Hellenistic period and had turned into a village.